Hello again guys and welcome to the mixing toms guide! Today I will show you how to mix toms, eq and compress them to the needs of your mix.
I am going to show you the signal chain that I use and also how I use my EQ and compressors step by step. In the end I’ll let you know what kind of effects I use.
I hope you’ll like it, so let’s get started!
Note: As always, when I share my chains – settings, I advise you to bypass the plugins to actually hear if you’re improving the sound or not. Sometimes, out of the 5-6 plugins I recommend, 3 or 4 might be enough for your mix. This entirely depends on how the track is sounding without any FX on it. I will share everything I use though, so you can experiment with everything and let your ears decide what to keep or not.
Mixing Toms – EQ goes first
Start with a high pass filter and cut the low-low end. You can adjust your filter depending on how the tom was recorded and how “fat” the tom is (the floor tom is the fattest). 50Hz to 100Hz is a good start.
Just like the kick drum remove a pretty big portion of the 200Hz to 400Hz region. This will clear mud and shape the tone of your toms.
500Hz to 900Hz is the spot you should cut to add a more 3D character to your drums. Sweep the frequencies and cut there.
2Khz to 4Khz and 6Khz to 10Khz are the frequencies you can boost to let the toms cut through and also add presence to them. Mostly, I start with the presence frequencies (6Khz to 10Khz) and then I judge if I need any boosts on the 2Khz to 4Khz frequency range.
Tom should be almost ready now, but if there are any low end junk frequencies then use a narrow Q and cut around 150Hz.
Now that you’ve cut the offending frequencies you can give a small boost on the “good” low end frequencies, which can be found around 50 to 130Hz.
Time To Compress!
Single Track Compression
Ratio around 4:1.
Slow attack, medium release or fast release.
Gain Reduction around 5db.
You can use a FET compressor like the 1176ln compressor. The group compression can help glue the toms together, take away some of the sudden transients and give the feeling that work as a team.
After that you can also use a limiter to take out the remaining peaks that insist on driving you mad. Taking into consideration that most of the work was done by the compressor above, you should use the limiter gently or you’ve done something wrong. Go back to your signal chain and listen. Re-mix and then come back to the limiter.
Low Mid Problem?
Depending on how the drums were recorded you might find that there’s lots of annoying low end that no matter how much you cut it… you can’t tame it. It keeps popping up wherever you don’t want to.
The typical problem is that you either need to cut so much that your toms will sound weak/thin or you’ll have to keep the fatness of the tom but at the cost of the annoying low end resonances, right?
There’s a solution for this and is called Multiband Compression. If you feel that cutting the low end kills the fatness of your toms then just compress just the low mids to keep them tamed. Then use the Make Up Gain (so you won’t lose any low end volume).
Voila! You’ve just tamed the low end peaks without killing the fatness of the toms. Well done!
As a last resort feel free to use a transient designer for some extra punch. A transient designer works great while mixing toms.
I am pretty sure that by following the guide above your toms should sound punchy already, but if the toms were so poorly recorded then yeah… you might need this.
If you actually use this, use it on the Tom Group as the last VST insert. By using it on the group will make the toms sound like they work together as one single instrument.
Reverb As An Effect
Toms are the 2nd in order that love reverbs after the snares.
You can use plates, rooms or halls without a problem here. Find one that make the tom sound great, adjust the return fader and you are good to go!
Mini tip: You can use more reverb in some slow song parts – especially in rock ballads – where the longer the reverb tail the more “vibe” you can add to the song.
That’s all for now!
I will be back really soon for more guides and tutorials. If you like my blog, then feel free to follow me on the Social Networks below.
Take care guys and have fun experimenting!
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